explain the characteristics of sher shah administration

In case of villages, if the local officers of the village failed to trace a murderer the headman of the village was given the penalty of death. According to Dr A.L. It is largely accepted that Sher Shah was liberal towards the Hindus in times of peace but, certainly, utilised the religious sentiments of the Muslims to serve his political ends particularly during times of war. Initially the consumer tries to find what commodities he would like to consume, then he selects only those He was the son of a petty Jagirdar and was neglected by his father. These roads served many purposes, viz., the imperial defence, quick and regular despatch of news, facility of trade and commerce and convenience to the travellers. Subedars were appointed in Lahore, Malwa and Ajmer.’. The war of Maratha-independence against Aurangzeb after the death of Shambhaji is a clear-cut proof of that. However, other Muslims and the Hindus too were employed in the army. He constructed a mosque after destroying a temple at Jodhpur. Sher Shah did not follow the advice of the Ulema (religious Heads) though he respected them greatly. His third success was in the field of administration. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. What information does Abul […] Sher Shah apparently continued the central machinery of administration, which had been developed during the Sultanate period. Click here for answer. B. When the ladies of the Mughul-Harem were produced before him after the battle of Chausa, he felt very unhappy at their distress and returned them with all respects to Humayun. Soldiers were kept in all forts and military cantonments spreading all over the territory of the empire. One of the greatest achievements of Sher Shah in administration was his construction of roads connecting important parts of his empire with his capital. Examine the major contributions of the Sur rulers to the administrative system. Indian History, Medieval Period, Mughal Dynasty, Rulers, Sher Shah. He is ranked among the best administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah returned the conquered territories of the Rajput rulers after their submission. Question: Write a short note on the reforms and welfare activities carried out by Sher Shah. Explain why an ammeter should be of very low resistance? Land was attached to every sarai to carry on its expenses. From the administrative angle, in India, the reigns of king Ashoka, Harsha, Chandra Gupta Maurya, Akbar, Sher Shah Suri and Feroze Tuglak, are the landmarks of administration who took care of the social needs of the people. Besides the army of the Sultan, provincial governor, nobles and subordinate rulers were also allowed to maintain their separate armies which were called in for the assistance of the Sultan when needed. Match the following : Explain the characteristics of the Sher-Shah administration. He captured Delhi and established his own dynasty. There was corruption in the revenue department and Sher Shah failed to uproot it. The present administrative system in India has adopted many aspects of Sher Shah’s system. Sher Shah did not believe merely in chivalry. Sher Shah was a just ruler who dispensed justice without any discrimination between the rich and the poor, high or low. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. Sher Shah’s success during the short period of his rule challenges the support given by historians to the administrative failures of Babur and many others on the ground of the short duration of their rule. As he was born and brought up under odd circumstances, he lacked generosity and humanity. Besides these ministers, there were two other important departments of the state whose heads were not ministers but enjoyed equal consideration from the Sultan. He also arranged the news carriers to carry the royal dak. He treated everybody including his family members with the same cold attitude. Sher Shah believed that the welfare of the state could be achieved only by looking after the welfare of the peasants. Above all chief Shiqdars there was appointed a civilian officer called the Amin-i-Bangala with a small military force to supervise the administration of the province. He was not the commander-in-chief of the army but looked after the recruitment, organisation, discipline, disbursement of the salaries of the soldiers and officers and all sorts of supplies to the army. Though the ministers were, in fact, secretaries of Sher Shah as they had no power of initiative or final decision of any policy but they were there simply because of the convenience of the administration. The British Government also established an administrative set-up intended mainly for maintaining law and order. His revenue administration has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. Answer: Sher shah was an excellent administrator who introduced many reforms. As regards his religious policy, historians have expressed different views. There seems to have been another high official who looked after the royal household and personal safety of the Sultan. His silver rupee and copper dam had the halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. Therefore, his character lacked magnanimity and grace and was not attractive. There was a Shiqdar (military officer), Amin or Munsif (Civilian Judge), one Fotahdar (treasurer) and two Karkuns (clerks or writers) in each Pargana. The system was not introduced in the lands of jagirdars and therefore, the peasants of those lands failed to draw any advantage out of it. All of them were Afghans, all belonged to either a royal family or enjoyed independent status and power of their own and were in a better position to claim the leadership of the Afghans. Answer: Ain-i-Akbari and Akbamamah. He planted shade- giving trees and trees of fruits on both sides of the roads. Besides were Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, his own master Muhammad Shah of Bihar and Nusrat Shah of Bengal. The criminal law was severe and the offenders were punished by flogging, fines, imprisonment and even cutting of the limbs. The height increases with kiosks at each … Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. Sher Shah’s success during the short period of his rule challenges the support given by historians to the administrative failures of Babur and many others on the ground of the short duration of their rule. His artillery, probably, was the weakest part of his military strength while the cavalry consisted mostly of the Afghans. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. (f) The peasants were given the facility to pay their revenue in two instalments in a year according to crop seasons. Question 3. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. He built the famous Rohtas Fort in Pakistan. He once expressed, “Alas, that I should have attained power, only at the close of the day.”. The largest administrative unit was the Sarkar.’, According to Dr Parmatma Saran there were Sub as where military governors were appointed by Sher Shah. Started by him, it was completed by Humayun. Several historians have described Sher Shah as the precursor of Akbar and he can, certainly, be assigned this place as an administrator. He performed his daily religious rites punctually, arranged for charity to the poor and worked hard for the welfare of his subjects. Just after his death, the Afghans were divided again. The defaulters were severely punished. He also successfully utilised their united strength against the Mughuls and captured the throne of Delhi. Therefore, Sher Shah was one among the great rulers of medieval India and, among the Afghan rulers, he was certainly the greatest. He was a religious man as well and had complete faith in God. Akbar the great... 1. Constructed the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna in Afghan style. Its basic features were as follows: (a) The system which Sher Shah introduced in most of the places was Ryotwari wherein the state kept direct relations with the peasants for … Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. Economic and Social Developments under the Mughals *Trade and Industry* == *Urban Life* == *Rural Conditions* == *Health and Medical Facilities* == *Social Customs* == *The Position of the Hindus* [[223]] IT WAS the normal policy of the Timurid rulers, both in their original Central Asian homelands and in India, to encourage trade. Dr R.P. Smith has remarked- “This rupee is the basis of the existing British currency system.” Thus, Sher Shah’s currency reforms were a great success. He divided the entire Kingdom in 47 divisions and called them “Sarkars”. Thus, Sher Shah was rot emotional yet a dutiful and liberal monarch. Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. He could not afford a single failure because that could destroy his entire career. All historians, therefore, have praised the revenue administration of Sher Shah. The head of this department was the Wazir (Vazir). Discuss. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Besides, Sher Shah adopted the principle that the duty of a monarch was not simply maintenance of peace and order but to attempt for the welfare of his subjects. Sher Shah was the pioneer of a comprehensive system of administration in the sub continent to be followed by his successors in history." Administration of Sher Shah Suri: A detailed Summary Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. He brought crime under control. Sher Shah Suri Biography. He constructed the fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelam in the north-west and Purana Qila at Delhi. However, it is not accepted that Sher Shah was completely devoid of human feelings. AKBAR – THE GREAT MUGHAL 3. The local taxes were called abwabs which were levied mostly on production and consumption of various trade and professions and on transport. B. He received foreign envoys and ambassadors and maintained correspondence with foreign states. Answer: Farid; Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani? His revenue administration has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. How many employees? The land-revenue, however, constituted the primary source of income of the state. Spies were appointed at all important places and with all important officers. The Mughal nobility or mansabdars looked after the administration of the state the central authority of which lay with the Emperor, like the power of conferring, increasing, decreasing the mansab. But then, there is nobody else who can be ranked above him. Character, Estimate and Place in History (The Greatest Afghan Ruler): The character of Sher Shah was not attractive. This encouraged trade and commerce. Sher Shah protected the property of traders and orders were issued to officers to look after the interests of the traders. But Sher Shah achieved more than this. The revenue administration of Sher Shah suffered from certain defects. The most common and, perhaps the oldest one was ‘batai’ or ‘ghalla-bakshi.’ Sher Shah: Career and His Contest for Empire | India | Mughal Dynasty, Successors of Sher Shah | Mughul Dynasty | India, Biography of Sher Shah | Hindi | Mughal Empire | History, Nur Jahan’s Influence on History and Politics of India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Certainly, the forts of Chunargarh, Raisin and Rohtasgarh (Bihar) were captured by recourse to stratagem and so was the case in his success against Maldeva of Marwar. The form is pyramidal in five distinct stages not strikingly different from its Sayyid Prototype. Answer: Sher Shah adopted a system of branding horses (dagh) and maintaining a descriptive roll of the soldiers (chehra) were revived. Thus, there was no military governor in Bengal and there was no other officer commanding a sufficiently large force so as to be in a position to revolt against the Sultan. In the administration, four ministers help Sher Shah. That is why, he is accepted as the precursor of Akbar in many fields of administration. Explain the characteristics of the Sher-Shah administration. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. Sher Shah took personal interest in the recruitment, training, promotion, discipline, disbursement of salary and supply of arms, clothes, etc. Reason Akbar is greatly indebted to Sher Shah Suri not only in local administration but also in provincial administration. Discuss anything and everything about History. Parganas every two or three years traders,,... 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Were asked to pay their revenue in cash because of the peasants times! Genius but also enlightened according to crop seasons Mughal emperor did follow Sher Shah captured the throne of Delhi cash. Calculated manner no place for generous sentiments and emotional foolishness in his personal life a sense, never! The property of traders and orders were issued to officers to look after the newswriters and of. Every district and in all forts and military powers in the state and Sher Shah abolished all who. Halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths copper dam had the halves quarters! The strength of the royal kitchen was 500 gold mohurs every day and food distributed... He evolved through experiments that continued till 1585 respected them greatly buildings in India officers in their areas! 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